Since the introduction of the cultivation of the vine, in 121 BC, the vine has always been cultivated and wine has been made in Mallorca.
Do you want to know the most important dates in the life of the island’s wine?
1) Year 121 BC, the Romans introduced the cultivation of vineyards on the island. Wine acquires a great value and the viticulture activity in Mallorca is of outstanding importance. In the 1st century BC. C., Plinio cites Balearic wines, comparing them with the best of Italy.
2) Year 903, the Arabs conquer Mallorca and a period of economic prosperity of more than three hundred years begins. Despite religious prohibitions, the cultivation of the vine continues, even applying the sophisticated irrigation systems invented by the Arabs.
3) Year 1229, the troops of Jaime I of Aragon return Mallorca to the Christian kingdoms. The king grants licenses for the cultivation of vines in Bunyola, Campos, Felanitx, Manacor, Porreres and Valldemossa. Between the fourteenth and eighteenth centuries, Majorcan wine production was prosperous and winemaking became one of the main economic activities of the inhabitants, even giving rise to the beginning of an important maritime trade in the wines of the area.
4) Year 1862, a devastating plague of phylloxera began in France that motivated an urgent demand for wines. For Mallorca it means the period of maximum splendor of grape cultivation and wine production. The movements from the ports of Palma, Portocolom and Alcudia to France are so important that maritime transport companies dedicated exclusively to wine exports are created.
5) Year 1891, the dreaded phylloxera appears in Mallorca. Exports are paralyzed and the cultivation of the vineyard devastated. As a consequence, there is a substitution of vineyard cultivation, mainly by almond, and a reduction in wine production, which is limited to a small quantity, insufficient to cover domestic consumption and which creates the obligation to import wines. outsiders.
6) Year 1936, grape cultivation once again suffered a setback, due to the Spanish Civil War and the subsequent need to obtain other agricultural products.
7) Year 1950, the first charter flight to Mallorca landed on a small runway. In 1955 Palma already had a dozen hotels in the center of Palma and many others by the sea, in Cala Major. Tourism development causes the children of many Mallorcan vintners to abandon the wine business to invest in hotels, gastronomy and construction. In addition, the consumption of peninsular wines is increasing, mainly much cheaper bulk wines.
8) Year 1990, the first denomination of origin of wines in Mallorca is recognized. The Denomination of Origin Binissalem, although the first application for protection dates from 1973, due to the need to protect the wines made in the region from those that came from the Peninsula. It occupies the central part of the island, at the foot of the Sierra de Tramuntana, and brings together municipalities such as Santa María del Camí, Binissalem, Sencelles, Consell and Santa Eugènia. It is estimated that it has approximately 140 hectares of vineyards.
9) Year 1999, it is the turn of the Denomination of Origin Pla i LLevant. It has more than 400 hectares of vineyards. Its breadth makes it cover a good part of the center and east of Mallorca.
10) Year 2007, the geographical indication “wine from the land of Majorca” is recognized and regulated thanks to the efforts of the island’s vine growers and winemakers, who since the 1990s have been struggling to receive the recognition they deserve for their effort and high level of their productions References Denomination of Origin Binissalem.
Recovered from: https://binissalemdo.com/do-binissalem-3/#historiaIlles Balears Qualitat.
Recovered from: http://www.illesbalearsqualitat.es/iquafront/denominacio/llistat/331